History of KavalaHistory of Kavala

History

Neapolis, Christoupolis, Kavala... A historical town.

We first see Kavala as a colony of Thassians with the name Neapolis during the 7th century and later it becomes an independent, strong town. After Kavala was detached from Athens, with the help of King Philippos -father of Alexander the Great- it became the powerful port of the town of Philippi.

One of the most important events that occured in Kavala was in 49 AD. As Neapolis was one of the busiest roads towards Europe and a port of great importance, Apostle Paul built the first Christian church in the whole Europe. As a result, the name of the town changed into Christoupolis during the 7th or 8th century.

An important monument of the town is its castle. It had a great role for the defence of the Byzantine Empire but in 1931 it was destroyed, as a result of the conquest of the town by the Ottomans.

In 16th century, the town has its current name, Kavala and has a new castle and strong walls in order to be protected; but it has also an impressive aquaduct (Kamares).

From 1864 till the beginning of the 20th century, Kavala has an economic development and a growth in its population, because of the tobacco trade which is a characteristic of the town since then. During the Balkan war in 1912 - 1913, Kavala is liberated by the Ottomans and the town is conquered by the Bulgarians. However, on the 26th of June, 1913 Kavala is liberated with the extremely important help of the battleship named Averof. In 1922, after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, Kavala accepts almost 30.000 refugees and this is the milestone for Kavala's great growth. This growth continued till the occupation of the town by the Germans in 1941 - 1944.

Monuments of Kavala

Kavala is a town with many historical elements, it has a lot of monuments which are dated back even from the Roman times.

  • Castle. The castle was built in 1425 AD by the Ottomans and the Venetians. It is built in one of the most beautiful spots in Kavala and you can visit it anytime of the year.
  • Aquaduct (Kamares). The old aquaduct was built in 1550 AD by Suleiman the Magnificent on the wall that was built by the Byzantine emperor Andronikos B' Palaiologos. Today, Kamares are found in the center of the town and is one of the most important and useful monuments. You should not miss a visit to the old aquaduct when you are in Kavala.

 

Museums of Kavala

  • Archaeological Museum
  • Tobacco Museum
  • Folklore - Ethnological Museum
  • Navy Museum
  • Balkan Folklore Museum

 

Other monuments of Kavala

  • Town Hall of the city
  • Monument dedicated to Saint Paul - Saint Nikolas' church
  • Imaret
  • Blue Mosque
  • Mohamed Ali's Statue and house

 

Tradition of KavalaTradition of Kavala

Tradition

The greek word "paradosi" (tradition) is a derivative noun from the ancient verb "paradidomi" which means to give something to the hands of another, trust something to someone. Tradition is something that Kavala accepts with love, interest and respect. It is a mosaic of genders.

People from Mikra (Minor) Asia, Thrace, Pontus and Sarakatsani respect our traditions and our ancestors and they revive every year most of Greek customs. In this way, the elders remember and the younger learn the traditions. Of course, every generation adds its own experiences that connect the past with the present and the present with the future.

Greek tradition are the lullabies with which we grew up, fairytales and legends, the local carols, the Greek dances and our traditional outfits, the needlecrafts, the "secret recipes" of every family and whatever else is part of our nation. Giannis Kiourtsakis in his book "The problem of our tradition" writes: "We don't choose our tradition as we didn't choose our language, our country or our ancestors but tradition continually defines who we are in our entire life". As we understand, tradition formed the personalities that we are now.

So, come to meet our region and Greece, in general, and feel the splendor of Greek souls through our rich tradition and civilization!

Photo resources: Lyceum of Hellenic Women of Kavala | kavalagreece.gr | youtube.com | facebook.com